It was another story in France. Seventh Crusade. Louis IX, ; canonized August 11, 1297, feast day August 25), king of France from 1226 to 1270, the most popular of the Capetian monarchs. A thousand others perished together in Mainz, and additional cases are reported at Cologne, Regensburg and Prague. Geoffrey of Beaulieau and William of Chartres. “Vita et sancta conversatio piae memoriae Ludovici quondam regis Francorum.” In Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, 1-27. He was one of the first men to leap ashore from the boats. Print. By the time the material reached him, there was more of it, the pope said, than an ass could carry. 354-359.
Today, Blanche is best known, at least among Catholics, for once saying that she would rather see Louis dead at her feet than guilty of a mortal sin. The Christian cities suffered too, with Baibars capturing Caesarea and Arsuf, even, too, the Knights Hospitaller castle of Krak des Chevaliers. Thousands perished—more than those killed by mobs in the Rhineland at the beginning of the First Crusade.’ The Rhineland massacres were condemned by the pope.”, (From my book: Beyond Secularism and Jihad—a Triangular Inquiry into the Mosque, the Manger & Modernity, 2012; and the above based on Norman Cohn, Pursuit of the Millennium, 1970, and Dario Fernandez-Morera, “The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise,” Intercollegiate Review, Fall 2006,). What we want to do now is outline his biography. You must not offend God with the very gifts He has given you. Devotedly obey our mother, the Roman Church, and revere the Supreme Pontiff as your spiritual father. The records exist. In England, a civil war raged (1258-1265 CE), and the Popes were in constant battle with the Holy Roman Empire over control of Sicily and parts of Italy. With which ones do you begin? This is when Louis, as we have already said he did, took personal command of troops in the field for the first time — at age 15. Little of importance remains hidden today about the “Dark” Ages. Throughout, individual bishops often housed and protected Jews from the fury. Simply put, this was no “Club Med” vacation. It is likewise important to note that the vast majority of the crusaders were good, holy, altruistic men and women, who endured great hardships, including the dangers of a long and perilous journey, potentially dying in battle, and not a few upon return, discovering their wives had been taken by another man. RHC Occ, vol. Dante, Francis of Assisi, and Thomas Aquinas were all contemporary with Louis, or nearly so. In contrast, the Christians of Acre decided to remain neutral and side with neither the Muslim nor the Mongols. Leading European nobles on the expedition would include Henry I of Cyprus (r. 1218-1253 CE), Raymond VII of Toulouse, Duke Hugh IV of Burgundy, Count William of Flanders, and Louis’ own brother, Alphonse of Poitiers. We have already identified the mother: Blanche of Castile. Neither was he ever vindictive in victory. He fought to control this tendency, but even as a grown man was capable of outbursts that can only be described, and have been, as childish. Labor for everlasting reward, ye who were hirelings, serving for a few coins. The “cancel culture” has gone after him, as it has for so many others; of course, as usual, these folks know little or nothing of what they are attacking. 16 years later, the French king once more turned his attention to the Middle East, his second bite at the crusading cherry. God hath favored you in many ways, in your happy land as in your steadfast faith, and valor. The object of this diplomacy was practical as well as idealistic. Louis himself was now ill. On April 7, he surrendered. Where to fix your eyes amid the dazzling beauty of the Sainte Chapelle’s windows? 1-481. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. Are they not promoting further decadence?
Louis was offered a lifeline of hope by some Muslim defectors who informed him that the enemy camp could be approached from behind by crossing a ford further downstream. In the 1240s Louis IX had as a model of Holy War the biblical figure of Joshua, whose taking of Jericho as the leader of the divinely ordained Israelites, the chosen people, is recounted in the book of Joshua, the sixth book of the Hebrew Scriptures. Very few Germans and Italians would set forth with him when he finally departed on his first Crusade. This was on March 16, 1227, less than four full months after the coronation of Louis. So, let’s consider this evening the man himself, the Crusades, and his homeland, all the while making some applications to our own contemporary situation. Perhaps, at this moment, if Louis struck for the heart of the enemy, he might achieve total victory. He wanted good will between his children and their descendants and those of the Plantagenets. (Thomas was his personal friend.) (Fakhri B. Maluf, Ph.D.), RIP.
It is to skip ahead in time, but on Christmas Day, 1241, Hugh of Lusignan again rose in revolt. Translated by Caroline Smith. Louis was determined to provide the necessary relief. This is not the way of life. 1 The figure of Joshua thus offered an explicit model of conquest, holy war, and the promise of military victory that resonated at the Capetian court … There is a means to it, he says…, Come forward to the defense of Christ. That he was testifies to the Continent-wide reputation he had gained for being impartial and just. He would serve them. Despite the material costs and physical dangers, Louis IX would be back in Crusader action at the other end of his long reign, when he led the Eighth Crusade of 1270 CE. It would be bad enough if our rulers were hypocrites. If any should lose their lives, even on the way thither, by sea or land, or in strife with the pagans, their sins will be requited them.
The crusades were more successful at some times than at others.
Whether or not Louis was familiar with those words, he practiced what Augustine preached. These were troops led by his brother, Alphonse, who had been left behind in case Henry III decided to take advantage of Louis’ absence to launch an invasion across the “English” Channel. If that was how he became known, it is because of actions he undertook based on his belief that a ruler must do all he can to assure the salvation of his subjects, as well as of his own soul.
She dispatched royal troops into Languedoc. He led the Seventh Crusade to the Holy Land in 1248–50 and died on another Crusade to Tunisia.
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